**Key Ideas and Details**

*ELA.RI.2.3*: Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Know Your Nouns | 17 |

Sequence of Events | 62 |

All in Order | 63 |

Understanding Order | 65 |

Beginning, Middle, End | 70 |

Out of Order | 72 |

Making Lists | 74 |

Using a Compass Rose | 134 |

Reading a Map | 135 |

Map Review | 137 |

Understanding a Time Line | 139 |

The Four Main Groups | 151 |

Weather Pictures | 156 |

Show What You Know About Matter | 160 |

Move It | 161 |

Push or Pull? | 162 |

The Days and Nights | 164 |

A Part of the Solar System | 165 |

Moon Phases | 167 |

**Key Ideas and Details**

*ELA.RI.2.1*: Ask and answer such questions as *who, what, where, when, why*, and *how* to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Look for the Answers | 55 |

Describing a Story’s Characters | 59 |

Beginning, Middle, End | 70 |

Why It Is Written | 75 |

Beginning Map Skills | 130 |

Understanding a Time Line | 139 |

The Earliest Americans | 141 |

The Early Colonists | 142 |

Understanding the Government | 144 |

Good Community Helpers | 145 |

It’s Important to Vote | 146 |

The Flag | 147 |

About Animals | 152 |

Changing Seasons | 154 |

All That Matters | 158 |

Move It | 161 |

The Days and Nights | 164 |

Moon Phases | 167 |

**Key Ideas and Details**

*ELA.RI.2.2*: Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

The Main Event | 60 |

Understanding the Main Idea | 61 |

The Earliest Americans | 141 |

The Early Colonists | 142 |

Changing Seasons | 154 |

All That Matters | 158 |

Knowing the States of Matter | 159 |

The Days and Nights | 164 |

**Craft and Structure**

*ELA.RI.2.5*: Know and use various text features (e.g., *captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons*) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Picture the Meaning | 56 |

Beginning Map Skills | 130 |

Learning the World | 131 |

All Around the World | 132 |

A Compass Rose | 133 |

Using a Compass Rose | 134 |

Reading a Map | 135 |

A Map and a Globe | 136 |

Good Community Helpers | 145 |

It’s Important to Vote | 146 |

Name Those Parts | 148 |

What Plants Need | 149 |

The Four Main Groups | 151 |

About Animals | 152 |

Types of Clouds | 153 |

Changing Seasons | 154 |

The Amazing Water Cycle | 155 |

Is It Going to Be a Rainy Day? | 157 |

Move It | 161 |

Push or Pull? | 162 |

What Path Does It Take? | 163 |

A Part of the Solar System | 165 |

Earth’s Neighbors | 166 |

Moon Phases | 167 |

**Craft and Structure**

*ELA.RI.2.4*: Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a *grade 2 topic or subject area.*

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Making Lists | 74 |

Learning the World | 131 |

All Around the World | 132 |

A Compass Rose | 133 |

A Map and a Globe | 136 |

Map Review | 137 |

Learning About the Past | 138 |

Know the Vocabulary | 143 |

Plants We Use | 150 |

The Four Main Groups | 151 |

About Animals | 152 |

Types of Clouds | 153 |

The Amazing Water Cycle | 155 |

Is It Going to Be a Rainy Day? | 157 |

All That Matters | 158 |

Knowing the States of Matter | 159 |

Move It | 161 |

The Days and Nights | 164 |

Earth’s Neighbors | 166 |

Moon Phases | 167 |

**Craft and Structure**

*ELA.RI.2.6*: Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Why It Is Written | 75 |

The Earliest Americans | 141 |

The Early Colonists | 142 |

It’s Important to Vote | 146 |

Changing Seasons | 154 |

All That Matters | 158 |

Knowing the States of Matter | 159 |

Move It | 161 |

The Days and Nights | 164 |

**Integration of Knowledge and Ideas**

*ELA.RI.2.7*: Explain how specific images (e.g., *a diagram showing how a machine works*) contribute to and clarify a text.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

A Picture Is Worth… | 53 |

What’s the Scene? | 54 |

Describing a Story’s Characters | 59 |

Why It Is Written | 75 |

Beginning Map Skills | 130 |

A Compass Rose | 133 |

Using a Compass Rose | 134 |

Reading a Map | 135 |

A Map and a Globe | 136 |

Understanding a Time Line | 139 |

Important American Monuments And Symbols | 140 |

It’s Important to Vote | 146 |

The Flag | 147 |

Name Those Parts | 148 |

What Plants Need | 149 |

Plants We Use | 150 |

About Animals | 152 |

Changing Seasons | 154 |

The Amazing Water Cycle | 155 |

Weather Pictures | 156 |

Is It Going to Be a Rainy Day? | 157 |

Knowing the States of Matter | 159 |

Show What You Know About Matter | 160 |

Push or Pull? | 162 |

What Path Does It Take? | 163 |

A Part of the Solar System | 165 |

**Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity**

*ELA.RI.2.10*: By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 2–3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Proofread for Commas | 49 |

Look for the Answers | 55 |

Picture the Meaning | 56 |

Understanding the Main Idea | 61 |

Why It Is Written | 75 |

Beginning Map Skills | 130 |

Learning the World | 131 |

All Around the World | 132 |

Using a Compass Rose | 134 |

A Map and a Globe | 136 |

The Earliest Americans | 141 |

The Early Colonists | 142 |

Understanding the Government | 144 |

Good Community Helpers | 145 |

It’s Important to Vote | 146 |

The Flag | 147 |

What Plants Need | 149 |

Plants We Use | 150 |

About Animals | 152 |

Changing Seasons | 154 |

All That Matters | 158 |

Knowing the States of Matter | 159 |

Move It | 161 |

The Days and Nights | 164 |

**Conventions of Standard English**

*ELA.L.2.1*: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Uppercase Letters, A-M | 8 |

Uppercase Letters, N-Z | 9 |

Lowercase Letters, a-m | 10 |

Lowercase Letters, n-z | 11 |

Writing Complete Sentences | 13 |

Making Good Sentences | 14 |

Nouns, Nouns, Nouns | 15 |

More Nouns | 16 |

Know Your Nouns | 17 |

Singular and Plural | 18 |

More Singular and Plural Nouns | 19 |

Verbs “Shake” Up | 20 |

3,2,1…Action! | 21 |

Hidden Verbs | 22 |

Adding Adjectives | 23 |

“Hop to It” Adjectives | 24 |

Read and Circle Adjectives | 25 |

Funny Adjectives | 26 |

Working with Adverbs | 27 |

Awesome Adverbs | 28 |

Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, and Adverbs Review | 29 |

More Parts of Speech Review | 30 |

Alphabetical Order | 64 |

Start Writing | 66 |

Making Good Sense | 67 |

Word Wise | 68 |

Prewriting for a Story | 69 |

All Around | 73 |

Common and Proper Nouns | 178 |

Connecting Words | 179 |

Cursive Sentences | 183 |

**Conventions of Standard English**

*ELA.L.2.2*: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Familiar Words | 12 |

Writing Complete Sentences | 13 |

Making Good Sentences | 14 |

Spelling Practice | 31 |

Look It Up | 32 |

Long Vowels and Short Vowels | 33 |

Colorful Capitals | 38 |

Correct Capitalization | 39 |

Capitalization Rules! | 40 |

Know How to End It | 41 |

Use a Question Mark | 42 |

Ending Punctuation Review | 43 |

Using a Comma | 44 |

The Amazing Apostrophe | 45 |

Finding the Right Contraction | 46 |

Commas in a Series | 47 |

Separate Items in a Series | 48 |

Proofread for Commas | 49 |

Commas with Dates | 50 |

More Commas and Dates | 51 |

Commas with Cities and States | 52 |

Find the Mistakes | 71 |

What You Say | 180 |

Another Way to End | 184 |

**Knowledge of Language**

*ELA.L.2.3*: Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

The Amazing Apostrophe | 45 |

Finding the Right Contraction | 46 |

Setting | 57 |

All About Setting | 58 |

Prewriting for a Story | 69 |

All Around | 73 |

**Vocabulary Acquisition and Use**

*ELA.L.2.6*: Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe (e.g., *When other kids are happy that makes me happy*).

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Adding Adjectives | 23 |

“Hop to It” Adjectives | 24 |

Read and Circle Adjectives | 25 |

Funny Adjectives | 26 |

Working with Adverbs | 27 |

Awesome Adverbs | 28 |

Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, and Adverbs Review | 29 |

More Parts of Speech Review | 30 |

All Around | 73 |

The Amazing Water Cycle | 155 |

**Vocabulary Acquisition and Use**

*ELA.L.2.4*: Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 2 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Long Vowels and Short Vowels | 33 |

Synonyms | 34 |

Antonyms | 35 |

Synonyms and Antonyms | 36 |

Vocabulary in Context | 37 |

Start Writing | 66 |

Making Lists | 74 |

**Vocabulary Acquisition and Use**

*ELA.L.2.5*: Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Figurative Language | 181 |

Tongue Twisters | 182 |

**Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction.**

*Math.2.OA.A.1*: Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve one- and two-step word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Practice Counting by Tens | 82 |

Triple-Digit Addition | 97 |

Triple-Digit Subtraction in Action | 100 |

**Add and subtract within 20.**

*Math.2.OA.B.2*: Fluently add and subtract within 20 using mental strategies. By end of Grade 2, know from memory all sums of two one-digit numbers.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Picture Addition | 93 |

Blown Away with Addition! | 94 |

Either Way, It's the Same! | 95 |

Calculate the Single-Digit Subtraction | 98 |

Fun with Fact Families | 102 |

Practice, Practice, Practice | 103 |

**Work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication.**

*Math.2.OA.C.3*: Determine whether a group of objects (up to 20) has an odd or even number of members, e.g., by pairing objects or counting them by 2s; write an equation to express an even number as a sum of two equal addends.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Odd and Even Numbers | 84 |

**Work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication.**

*Math.2.OA.C.4*: Use addition to find the total number of objects arranged in rectangular arrays with up to 5 rows and up to 5 columns; write an equation to express the total as a sum of equal addends.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Guessing the Number | 85 |

Picture Addition | 93 |

**Understand place value.**

*Math.2.NBT.A.2*: Count within 1000; skip-count by 5s, 10s, and 100s.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Look and Count | 76 |

Counting by Ones | 78 |

Count by Fives | 79 |

Practice Counting by Fives | 80 |

Count by Tens | 81 |

Practice Counting by Tens | 82 |

Backward Counting | 83 |

Guessing the Number | 85 |

Guess the Amount | 86 |

Count by 5s to Help Tell Time | 112 |

**Understand place value.**

*Math.2.NBT.A.3*: Read and write numbers to 1000 using base-ten numerals, number names, and expanded form.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Show the Number | 77 |

Guessing the Number | 85 |

Guess the Amount | 86 |

**Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.**

*Math.2.NBT.B.5*: Fluently add and subtract within 100 using strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Practice Counting by Tens | 82 |

Double-Digit Addition | 96 |

Triple-Digit Addition | 97 |

Double-Digit Subtraction Fun | 99 |

Regroup to Subtract | 101 |

Mixed Practice | 104 |

**Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.**

*Math.2.NBT.B.7*: Add and subtract within 1000, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method. Understand that in adding or subtracting three-digit numbers, one adds or subtracts hundreds and hundreds, tens and tens, ones and ones; and sometimes it is necessary to compose or decompose tens or hundreds.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Practice Counting by Tens | 82 |

Double-Digit Addition | 96 |

Triple-Digit Addition | 97 |

Double-Digit Subtraction Fun | 99 |

Triple-Digit Subtraction in Action | 100 |

Regroup to Subtract | 101 |

Mixed Practice | 104 |

**Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.**

*Math.2.NBT.B.8*: Mentally add 10 or 100 to a given number 100–900, and mentally subtract 10 or 100 from a given number 100–900.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Practice Counting by Tens | 82 |

Backward Counting | 83 |

Double-Digit Subtraction Fun | 99 |

**Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.**

*Math.2.NBT.B.6*: Add up to four two-digit numbers using strategies based on place value and properties of operations.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Double-Digit Addition | 96 |

Mixed Practice | 104 |

**Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.**

*Math.2.NBT.B.9*: Explain why addition and subtraction strategies work, using place value and the properties of operations.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Fun with Fact Families | 102 |

**Measure and estimate lengths in standard units.**

*Math.2.MD.A.1*: Measure the length of an object by selecting and using appropriate tools such as rulers, yardsticks, meter sticks, and measuring tapes.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Learning Measurement | 117 |

Another Way to Measure | 118 |

**Measure and estimate lengths in standard units.**

*Math.2.MD.A.2*: Measure the length of an object twice, using length units of different lengths for the two measurements; describe how the two measurements relate to the size of the unit chosen.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Learning Measurement | 117 |

Another Way to Measure | 118 |

**Relate addition and subtraction to length.**

*Math.2.MD.B.6*: Represent whole numbers as lengths from 0 on a number line diagram with equally spaced points corresponding to the numbers 0, 1, 2, ..., and represent whole-number sums and differences within 100 on a number line diagram.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Number Position | 89 |

Learning Before, Between, and After | 90 |

**Relate addition and subtraction to length.**

*Math.2.MD.B.5*: Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve word problems involving lengths that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as drawings of rulers) and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Learning About Perimeter | 191 |

**Work with time and money.**

*Math.2.MD.C.7*: Tell and write time from analog and digital clocks to the nearest five minutes, using a.m. and p.m.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Estimating Time | 107 |

Learning to Tell Time | 108 |

Different Clocks | 109 |

Draw the Time | 110 |

More About Time | 111 |

Count by 5s to Help Tell Time | 112 |

**Work with time and money.**

*Math.2.MD.C.8*: Solve word problems involving dollar bills, quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies, using $ and ¢ symbols appropriately. Example: If you have 2 dimes and 3 pennies, how many cents do you have?

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Math and Money | 113 |

Buying Power | 114 |

Greater or Less Than with Money Amounts | 115 |

Making Change | 116 |

**Represent and interpret data.**

*Math.2.MD.D.10*: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Reading a Graph | 128 |

**Reason with shapes and their attributes.**

*Math.2.G.A.2*: Partition a rectangle into rows and columns of same-size squares and count to find the total number of them.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

A Fraction or a Part | 121 |

**Reason with shapes and their attributes.**

*Math.2.G.A.1*: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes, such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces.(Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring). Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes.

Activity | Page |
---|---|

Plane Shapes | 123 |

Shapes That Are Congruent | 125 |

Learning About Perimeter | 191 |

Common Core State Standards and Expectations© Copyright 2010. National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and Council of Chief State School Officers. All rights reserved.