Language Arts, Oral Language, Listening, Speaking
Grade 1- 3
Students learn about verbs.
Through informal activities and class discussion, first and second grade students should come to understand that a verb is a word that expresses an action. Children at this age might find it more accessible to use everyday terminology, such as doing words or action words.
Children need to develop an awareness of the following types of verbs and their uses.
(a) Doing verbs are words that express a concrete action. They are common in spoken language and in the writing of young children.
Examples: work, run, sit, eat, jump
(b) Saying verbs express a spoken action.
Examples: talk, tell, said, suggested, yelled
(c) Some verbs do not express a concrete action--they express actions that happen mentally, such as feelings, ideas, thoughts, or attitudes. These can be called thinking and feeling verbs. They are common in arguments, narratives, and descriptions (but not scientific descriptions, which are objective).
Examples: I like Sam. I understand. Katy believed the story.
I see the rabbit. I think people should recycle.
(d) Some verbs tell us about what things are and what they have. These are being and having verbs. They are common in all kinds of descriptions.
Examples: Ben is a good swimmer. Ali has the answer. They are here.
(Is, are, has, and have can also act as auxiliary or helping verbs for doing, thinking, and feeling verbs. Example: Ben is swimming.)
A verb is the key around which a sentence is built, and children need to be shown the importance of choosing the most expressive verb when speaking or writing.
At this level, children should also be given constant informal practice in the correct use of certain verbs which are often misused.
Call for volunteers to perform certain actions and then describe what they are doing. Write what they say on the chalkboard and have other children underline the word(s) that expresses the action. I am jumping on the spot. I am hitting the door.
Have selected children mime certain actions and challenge the rest of the class to guess what they are doing. Write the guesses on the chalkboard and have children underline the words that express the actions. Are you sweeping the floor? Are you milking a cow?
Provide children with a suitable noun and then have them add a number of verbs saying what that noun does. A snake bites and hisses. A horse gallops and neighs.
Have students suggest more descriptive synonyms for certain verbs such as walk. Make lists to post in the classroom so students can refer to them while they are studying verbs and composing sentences.