Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Correlations

Daily Warm-Ups: Nonfiction Reading Grade 4

Daily Warm-Ups: Nonfiction Reading Grade 4

N/A

Strand - Reading Standards: Informational Text, Grade 4

Key Ideas and Details

ELA.RI.4.2: Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.

Passage Page
Australia 9
Hostage Rescue in Peru 10
Big Blast in Siberia 11
The Discovery of New Zealand 12
Maine, the Blueberry State 13
The Death of the Aral Sea 14
The Year Without a Summer 15
The Faces of Mount Rushmore 16
The Smithsonian Institute 17
The Rocky Mountains 18
Rhode Island, the Smallest State 19
The Amazon Rain Forest 20
The Galapagos Islands 21
The California Gold Rush 22
The Earthquakes of 2010 23
The Cruelest Month in American Mining 24
The Deadly Cloud from Lake Nyos 25
Signs of Global Warming 26
Mount Kilimanjaro 27
Antarctica 28
Bermuda 29
Mount Vernon 30
Key West, Florida 31
Without Warning 32
The Great Yellowstone Fire of 1988 33
The Bahamas 34
Egypt: One Nation, Two Continents 35
Arizona's Natural Wonders 36
"Houston, We've Had a Problem" 37
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry 38
Giant Panda Problems 41
The Great Alaskan Earthquake 42
P-U! It's a Skunk! 43
Insects 44
Fearsome Fossil 45
Surprises in the Sea 46
Robots at Work 47
Wildfires 48
Disrupting Ecosystems 49
Peppered Moths 50
Neat Facts About Your Circulatory System 51
Wind Energy 52
Killer Bees Calming Down 53
Trees Tell About Climates of the Past 54
Snapping Turtles 55
Eyelids 56
Solar Storms 57
Breeding Bunnies 58
Glaciers 59
Geothermal Energy 60
Turning Soda Bottles into Blankets 61
Using Two Legs Instead of Four 62
Exciting News About Stem Cells 63
Animal Instincts 64
Volcanic Eruptions 65
Live a Green Lifestyle 66
Understanding Hemispheres 67
Using Waste to Make Electricity 68
Solar Energy 69
Adapting to Global Warming 70
Where Did Everyone Go? 73
Did George Washington Fight at Gettysburg? 74
Iceboxes: The First Refrigerators 75
The U.S. Civil War 76
The Montgomery Bus Boycott 77
How U.S. Libraries Began 78
The Orphan Trains 79
Braille for the Blind 80
The Invention of the Microwave Oven 81
The World's First Robot and His Dog 82
How Plumbing Changed America 83
Highway History 84
The Buried Village of Ozette 85
World War II Spies 86
Inventions that Use Electricity 87
Skiing 88
The Great Liberty Bell Adventure 89
Massachusetts Promotes Education 90
Decoding Hieroglyphs 91
Canned Foods 92
America's First Master Spy 93
Amazing Ancient Structures 94
The Ice Ages 95
U.S. Anti-Slavery Laws 96
U.S. Presidents from Ohio 97
Flight Disappearances 98
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1753 to 1863 99
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1902 to Now 100
Native American Unsolved Mysteries 101
Washington Irving, Author and Ghost 102
Sea Horses 105
The Popular Product That Almost Wasn't 106
Not So Identical 107
What You Didn't Know About George Washington 108
In-Line Skates 109
Mazes 110
Guide Dogs 111
Frozen Animals Stay Alive 112
Binti Jua and Jambo to the Rescue 113
The U.S. Supreme Court 114
The World's Most Dangerous Animals 115
Rice Feeds the World 116
Bamboo 117
Yawning is Contagious 118
The Story of Jeep 119
World's Largest Ice Sculptures: Icebergs 120
Storms that Caused Discoveries 121
The Sweet Story of Jelly Beans 122
Pelorus Jack 123
The Gulf Stream 124
Snowboarding 125
Dandelions: Weed, Flowers, or Food? 126
The Weight, the Wind, and the Wobbling 127
Heinz 57 Varieties 128
Wacky Waterspouts 129
Unique Languages 130
Naming the States 131
Mysteries in Peru 132
The Story of Pizza 133
The Indy 500 134
Dr. Antonia Novello, Former Surgeon General 137
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, First U.S. Female Doctor 138
Sojourner Truth, Civil Rights Leader 139
The Angel of Marye's Heights 140
Barbara Jordan, Former U.S. Congresswoman 141
Garrett Morgan, Inventor 142
Mary McLeod Bethune, Educator 143
Will Cross, Adventurer 144
Louis Pasteur, the Milk Man 145
The First Woman in Space 146
I.M. Pei, Architect 147
Delvin Miller, Harness Racing Master 148
Asa Philip Randolph, Civil Rights Leader 149
Jason McElwain, Basketball Star 150
Loreta Velasquez, Civil War Soldier 151
Clara Hale's House 152
Wilma Mankiller, Former Cherokee Chief 153
Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte 154
William Wilberforce, British Abolitionist 155
Bethany Hamilton, Fearless Surfer 156
Mother Jones, Labor Activitist 157
The Wizard of Menlo Park 158
Margaret Bourke-White, Photographer 159
Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope 160
Nelson Mandela, South African Leader 161
Mary Cassatt, Impressionist Artist 162
Dr. Francisco Bravo 163
Hallie Daggett, First Female Lookout 164
Jim Thorpe, Extraordinary Athlete 165
Norman Rockwell, the People's Artist 166

Key Ideas and Details

ELA.RI.4.3: Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.

Passage Page
Australia 9
Hostage Rescue in Peru 10
Big Blast in Siberia 11
The Discovery of New Zealand 12
Maine, the Blueberry State 13
The Death of the Aral Sea 14
The Year Without a Summer 15
The Faces of Mount Rushmore 16
The Smithsonian Institute 17
The Rocky Mountains 18
Rhode Island, the Smallest State 19
The Amazon Rain Forest 20
The Galapagos Islands 21
The California Gold Rush 22
The Earthquakes of 2010 23
The Cruelest Month in American Mining 24
The Deadly Cloud from Lake Nyos 25
Signs of Global Warming 26
Mount Kilimanjaro 27
Antarctica 28
Bermuda 29
Mount Vernon 30
Key West, Florida 31
Without Warning 32
The Great Yellowstone Fire of 1988 33
The Bahamas 34
Egypt: One Nation, Two Continents 35
Arizona's Natural Wonders 36
"Houston, We've Had a Problem" 37
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry 38
Giant Panda Problems 41
The Great Alaskan Earthquake 42
P-U! It's a Skunk! 43
Insects 44
Fearsome Fossil 45
Surprises in the Sea 46
Robots at Work 47
Wildfires 48
Disrupting Ecosystems 49
Peppered Moths 50
Neat Facts About Your Circulatory System 51
Wind Energy 52
Killer Bees Calming Down 53
Trees Tell About Climates of the Past 54
Snapping Turtles 55
Eyelids 56
Solar Storms 57
Breeding Bunnies 58
Glaciers 59
Geothermal Energy 60
Turning Soda Bottles into Blankets 61
Using Two Legs Instead of Four 62
Exciting News About Stem Cells 63
Animal Instincts 64
Volcanic Eruptions 65
Live a Green Lifestyle 66
Understanding Hemispheres 67
Using Waste to Make Electricity 68
Solar Energy 69
Adapting to Global Warming 70
Where Did Everyone Go? 73
Did George Washington Fight at Gettysburg? 74
Iceboxes: The First Refrigerators 75
The U.S. Civil War 76
The Montgomery Bus Boycott 77
How U.S. Libraries Began 78
The Orphan Trains 79
Braille for the Blind 80
The Invention of the Microwave Oven 81
The World's First Robot and His Dog 82
How Plumbing Changed America 83
Highway History 84
The Buried Village of Ozette 85
World War II Spies 86
Inventions that Use Electricity 87
Skiing 88
The Great Liberty Bell Adventure 89
Massachusetts Promotes Education 90
Decoding Hieroglyphs 91
Canned Foods 92
America's First Master Spy 93
Amazing Ancient Structures 94
The Ice Ages 95
U.S. Anti-Slavery Laws 96
U.S. Presidents from Ohio 97
Flight Disappearances 98
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1753 to 1863 99
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1902 to Now 100
Native American Unsolved Mysteries 101
Washington Irving, Author and Ghost 102
Sea Horses 105
The Popular Product That Almost Wasn't 106
Not So Identical 107
What You Didn't Know About George Washington 108
In-Line Skates 109
Mazes 110
Guide Dogs 111
Frozen Animals Stay Alive 112
Binti Jua and Jambo to the Rescue 113
The U.S. Supreme Court 114
The World's Most Dangerous Animals 115
Rice Feeds the World 116
Bamboo 117
Yawning is Contagious 118
The Story of Jeep 119
World's Largest Ice Sculptures: Icebergs 120
Storms that Caused Discoveries 121
The Sweet Story of Jelly Beans 122
Pelorus Jack 123
The Gulf Stream 124
Snowboarding 125
Dandelions: Weed, Flowers, or Food? 126
The Weight, the Wind, and the Wobbling 127
Heinz 57 Varieties 128
Wacky Waterspouts 129
Unique Languages 130
Naming the States 131
Mysteries in Peru 132
The Story of Pizza 133
The Indy 500 134
Dr. Antonia Novello, Former Surgeon General 137
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, First U.S. Female Doctor 138
Sojourner Truth, Civil Rights Leader 139
The Angel of Marye's Heights 140
Barbara Jordan, Former U.S. Congresswoman 141
Garrett Morgan, Inventor 142
Mary McLeod Bethune, Educator 143
Will Cross, Adventurer 144
Louis Pasteur, the Milk Man 145
The First Woman in Space 146
I.M. Pei, Architect 147
Delvin Miller, Harness Racing Master 148
Asa Philip Randolph, Civil Rights Leader 149
Jason McElwain, Basketball Star 150
Loreta Velasquez, Civil War Soldier 151
Clara Hale's House 152
Wilma Mankiller, Former Cherokee Chief 153
Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte 154
William Wilberforce, British Abolitionist 155
Bethany Hamilton, Fearless Surfer 156
Mother Jones, Labor Activitist 157
The Wizard of Menlo Park 158
Margaret Bourke-White, Photographer 159
Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope 160
Nelson Mandela, South African Leader 161
Mary Cassatt, Impressionist Artist 162
Dr. Francisco Bravo 163
Hallie Daggett, First Female Lookout 164
Jim Thorpe, Extraordinary Athlete 165
Norman Rockwell, the People's Artist 166

Key Ideas and Details

ELA.RI.4.1: Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

Passage Page
Australia 9
Hostage Rescue in Peru 10
Big Blast in Siberia 11
The Discovery of New Zealand 12
Maine, the Blueberry State 13
The Death of the Aral Sea 14
The Year Without a Summer 15
The Faces of Mount Rushmore 16
The Smithsonian Institute 17
The Rocky Mountains 18
Rhode Island, the Smallest State 19
The Amazon Rain Forest 20
The Galapagos Islands 21
The California Gold Rush 22
The Earthquakes of 2010 23
The Cruelest Month in American Mining 24
The Deadly Cloud from Lake Nyos 25
Signs of Global Warming 26
Mount Kilimanjaro 27
Antarctica 28
Bermuda 29
Mount Vernon 30
Key West, Florida 31
Without Warning 32
The Great Yellowstone Fire of 1988 33
The Bahamas 34
Egypt: One Nation, Two Continents 35
Arizona's Natural Wonders 36
"Houston, We've Had a Problem" 37
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry 38
Giant Panda Problems 41
The Great Alaskan Earthquake 42
P-U! It's a Skunk! 43
Insects 44
Fearsome Fossil 45
Surprises in the Sea 46
Robots at Work 47
Wildfires 48
Disrupting Ecosystems 49
Peppered Moths 50
Neat Facts About Your Circulatory System 51
Wind Energy 52
Killer Bees Calming Down 53
Trees Tell About Climates of the Past 54
Snapping Turtles 55
Eyelids 56
Solar Storms 57
Breeding Bunnies 58
Glaciers 59
Geothermal Energy 60
Turning Soda Bottles into Blankets 61
Using Two Legs Instead of Four 62
Exciting News About Stem Cells 63
Animal Instincts 64
Volcanic Eruptions 65
Live a Green Lifestyle 66
Understanding Hemispheres 67
Using Waste to Make Electricity 68
Solar Energy 69
Adapting to Global Warming 70
Where Did Everyone Go? 73
Did George Washington Fight at Gettysburg? 74
Iceboxes: The First Refrigerators 75
The U.S. Civil War 76
The Montgomery Bus Boycott 77
How U.S. Libraries Began 78
The Orphan Trains 79
Braille for the Blind 80
The Invention of the Microwave Oven 81
The World's First Robot and His Dog 82
How Plumbing Changed America 83
Highway History 84
The Buried Village of Ozette 85
World War II Spies 86
Inventions that Use Electricity 87
Skiing 88
The Great Liberty Bell Adventure 89
Massachusetts Promotes Education 90
Decoding Hieroglyphs 91
Canned Foods 92
America's First Master Spy 93
Amazing Ancient Structures 94
The Ice Ages 95
U.S. Anti-Slavery Laws 96
U.S. Presidents from Ohio 97
Flight Disappearances 98
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1753 to 1863 99
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1902 to Now 100
Native American Unsolved Mysteries 101
Washington Irving, Author and Ghost 102
Sea Horses 105
The Popular Product That Almost Wasn't 106
Not So Identical 107
What You Didn't Know About George Washington 108
In-Line Skates 109
Mazes 110
Guide Dogs 111
Frozen Animals Stay Alive 112
Binti Jua and Jambo to the Rescue 113
The U.S. Supreme Court 114
The World's Most Dangerous Animals 115
Rice Feeds the World 116
Bamboo 117
Yawning is Contagious 118
The Story of Jeep 119
World's Largest Ice Sculptures: Icebergs 120
Storms that Caused Discoveries 121
The Sweet Story of Jelly Beans 122
Pelorus Jack 123
The Gulf Stream 124
Snowboarding 125
Dandelions: Weed, Flowers, or Food? 126
The Weight, the Wind, and the Wobbling 127
Heinz 57 Varieties 128
Wacky Waterspouts 129
Unique Languages 130
Naming the States 131
Mysteries in Peru 132
The Story of Pizza 133
The Indy 500 134
Dr. Antonia Novello, Former Surgeon General 137
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, First U.S. Female Doctor 138
Sojourner Truth, Civil Rights Leader 139
The Angel of Marye's Heights 140
Barbara Jordan, Former U.S. Congresswoman 141
Garrett Morgan, Inventor 142
Mary McLeod Bethune, Educator 143
Will Cross, Adventurer 144
Louis Pasteur, the Milk Man 145
The First Woman in Space 146
I.M. Pei, Architect 147
Delvin Miller, Harness Racing Master 148
Asa Philip Randolph, Civil Rights Leader 149
Jason McElwain, Basketball Star 150
Loreta Velasquez, Civil War Soldier 151
Clara Hale's House 152
Wilma Mankiller, Former Cherokee Chief 153
Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte 154
William Wilberforce, British Abolitionist 155
Bethany Hamilton, Fearless Surfer 156
Mother Jones, Labor Activitist 157
The Wizard of Menlo Park 158
Margaret Bourke-White, Photographer 159
Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope 160
Nelson Mandela, South African Leader 161
Mary Cassatt, Impressionist Artist 162
Dr. Francisco Bravo 163
Hallie Daggett, First Female Lookout 164
Jim Thorpe, Extraordinary Athlete 165
Norman Rockwell, the People's Artist 166

Craft and Structure

ELA.RI.4.4: Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.

Passage Page
Australia 9
Hostage Rescue in Peru 10
Big Blast in Siberia 11
The Discovery of New Zealand 12
Maine, the Blueberry State 13
The Death of the Aral Sea 14
The Year Without a Summer 15
The Faces of Mount Rushmore 16
The Smithsonian Institute 17
The Rocky Mountains 18
Rhode Island, the Smallest State 19
The Amazon Rain Forest 20
The Galapagos Islands 21
The California Gold Rush 22
The Earthquakes of 2010 23
The Cruelest Month in American Mining 24
The Deadly Cloud from Lake Nyos 25
Signs of Global Warming 26
Mount Kilimanjaro 27
Antarctica 28
Bermuda 29
Mount Vernon 30
Key West, Florida 31
Without Warning 32
The Great Yellowstone Fire of 1988 33
The Bahamas 34
Egypt: One Nation, Two Continents 35
Arizona's Natural Wonders 36
"Houston, We've Had a Problem" 37
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry 38
Giant Panda Problems 41
The Great Alaskan Earthquake 42
P-U! It's a Skunk! 43
Insects 44
Fearsome Fossil 45
Surprises in the Sea 46
Robots at Work 47
Wildfires 48
Disrupting Ecosystems 49
Peppered Moths 50
Neat Facts About Your Circulatory System 51
Wind Energy 52
Killer Bees Calming Down 53
Trees Tell About Climates of the Past 54
Snapping Turtles 55
Eyelids 56
Solar Storms 57
Breeding Bunnies 58
Glaciers 59
Geothermal Energy 60
Turning Soda Bottles into Blankets 61
Using Two Legs Instead of Four 62
Exciting News About Stem Cells 63
Animal Instincts 64
Volcanic Eruptions 65
Live a Green Lifestyle 66
Understanding Hemispheres 67
Using Waste to Make Electricity 68
Solar Energy 69
Adapting to Global Warming 70
Where Did Everyone Go? 73
Did George Washington Fight at Gettysburg? 74
Iceboxes: The First Refrigerators 75
The U.S. Civil War 76
The Montgomery Bus Boycott 77
How U.S. Libraries Began 78
The Orphan Trains 79
Braille for the Blind 80
The Invention of the Microwave Oven 81
The World's First Robot and His Dog 82
How Plumbing Changed America 83
Highway History 84
The Buried Village of Ozette 85
World War II Spies 86
Inventions that Use Electricity 87
Skiing 88
The Great Liberty Bell Adventure 89
Massachusetts Promotes Education 90
Decoding Hieroglyphs 91
Canned Foods 92
America's First Master Spy 93
Amazing Ancient Structures 94
The Ice Ages 95
U.S. Anti-Slavery Laws 96
U.S. Presidents from Ohio 97
Flight Disappearances 98
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1753 to 1863 99
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1902 to Now 100
Native American Unsolved Mysteries 101
Washington Irving, Author and Ghost 102
Sea Horses 105
The Popular Product That Almost Wasn't 106
Not So Identical 107
What You Didn't Know About George Washington 108
In-Line Skates 109
Mazes 110
Guide Dogs 111
Frozen Animals Stay Alive 112
Binti Jua and Jambo to the Rescue 113
The U.S. Supreme Court 114
The World's Most Dangerous Animals 115
Rice Feeds the World 116
Bamboo 117
Yawning is Contagious 118
The Story of Jeep 119
World's Largest Ice Sculptures: Icebergs 120
Storms that Caused Discoveries 121
The Sweet Story of Jelly Beans 122
Pelorus Jack 123
The Gulf Stream 124
Snowboarding 125
Dandelions: Weed, Flowers, or Food? 126
The Weight, the Wind, and the Wobbling 127
Heinz 57 Varieties 128
Wacky Waterspouts 129
Unique Languages 130
Naming the States 131
Mysteries in Peru 132
The Story of Pizza 133
The Indy 500 134
Dr. Antonia Novello, Former Surgeon General 137
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, First U.S. Female Doctor 138
Sojourner Truth, Civil Rights Leader 139
The Angel of Marye's Heights 140
Barbara Jordan, Former U.S. Congresswoman 141
Garrett Morgan, Inventor 142
Mary McLeod Bethune, Educator 143
Will Cross, Adventurer 144
Louis Pasteur, the Milk Man 145
The First Woman in Space 146
I.M. Pei, Architect 147
Delvin Miller, Harness Racing Master 148
Asa Philip Randolph, Civil Rights Leader 149
Jason McElwain, Basketball Star 150
Loreta Velasquez, Civil War Soldier 151
Clara Hale's House 152
Wilma Mankiller, Former Cherokee Chief 153
Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte 154
William Wilberforce, British Abolitionist 155
Bethany Hamilton, Fearless Surfer 156
Mother Jones, Labor Activitist 157
The Wizard of Menlo Park 158
Margaret Bourke-White, Photographer 159
Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope 160
Nelson Mandela, South African Leader 161
Mary Cassatt, Impressionist Artist 162
Dr. Francisco Bravo 163
Hallie Daggett, First Female Lookout 164
Jim Thorpe, Extraordinary Athlete 165
Norman Rockwell, the People's Artist 166

Craft and Structure

ELA.RI.4.5: Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.

Passage Page
Australia 9
Hostage Rescue in Peru 10
Big Blast in Siberia 11
The Discovery of New Zealand 12
Maine, the Blueberry State 13
The Death of the Aral Sea 14
The Year Without a Summer 15
The Faces of Mount Rushmore 16
The Smithsonian Institute 17
The Rocky Mountains 18
Rhode Island, the Smallest State 19
The Amazon Rain Forest 20
The Galapagos Islands 21
The California Gold Rush 22
The Earthquakes of 2010 23
The Cruelest Month in American Mining 24
The Deadly Cloud from Lake Nyos 25
Signs of Global Warming 26
Mount Kilimanjaro 27
Antarctica 28
Bermuda 29
Mount Vernon 30
Key West, Florida 31
Without Warning 32
The Great Yellowstone Fire of 1988 33
The Bahamas 34
Egypt: One Nation, Two Continents 35
Arizona's Natural Wonders 36
"Houston, We've Had a Problem" 37
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry 38
Giant Panda Problems 41
The Great Alaskan Earthquake 42
P-U! It's a Skunk! 43
Insects 44
Fearsome Fossil 45
Surprises in the Sea 46
Robots at Work 47
Wildfires 48
Disrupting Ecosystems 49
Peppered Moths 50
Neat Facts About Your Circulatory System 51
Wind Energy 52
Killer Bees Calming Down 53
Trees Tell About Climates of the Past 54
Snapping Turtles 55
Eyelids 56
Solar Storms 57
Breeding Bunnies 58
Glaciers 59
Geothermal Energy 60
Turning Soda Bottles into Blankets 61
Using Two Legs Instead of Four 62
Exciting News About Stem Cells 63
Animal Instincts 64
Volcanic Eruptions 65
Live a Green Lifestyle 66
Understanding Hemispheres 67
Using Waste to Make Electricity 68
Solar Energy 69
Adapting to Global Warming 70
Where Did Everyone Go? 73
Did George Washington Fight at Gettysburg? 74
Iceboxes: The First Refrigerators 75
The U.S. Civil War 76
The Montgomery Bus Boycott 77
How U.S. Libraries Began 78
The Orphan Trains 79
Braille for the Blind 80
The Invention of the Microwave Oven 81
The World's First Robot and His Dog 82
How Plumbing Changed America 83
Highway History 84
The Buried Village of Ozette 85
World War II Spies 86
Inventions that Use Electricity 87
Skiing 88
The Great Liberty Bell Adventure 89
Massachusetts Promotes Education 90
Decoding Hieroglyphs 91
Canned Foods 92
America's First Master Spy 93
Amazing Ancient Structures 94
The Ice Ages 95
U.S. Anti-Slavery Laws 96
U.S. Presidents from Ohio 97
Flight Disappearances 98
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1753 to 1863 99
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1902 to Now 100
Native American Unsolved Mysteries 101
Washington Irving, Author and Ghost 102
Sea Horses 105
The Popular Product That Almost Wasn't 106
Not So Identical 107
What You Didn't Know About George Washington 108
In-Line Skates 109
Mazes 110
Guide Dogs 111
Frozen Animals Stay Alive 112
Binti Jua and Jambo to the Rescue 113
The U.S. Supreme Court 114
The World's Most Dangerous Animals 115
Rice Feeds the World 116
Bamboo 117
Yawning is Contagious 118
The Story of Jeep 119
World's Largest Ice Sculptures: Icebergs 120
Storms that Caused Discoveries 121
The Sweet Story of Jelly Beans 122
Pelorus Jack 123
The Gulf Stream 124
Snowboarding 125
Dandelions: Weed, Flowers, or Food? 126
The Weight, the Wind, and the Wobbling 127
Heinz 57 Varieties 128
Wacky Waterspouts 129
Unique Languages 130
Naming the States 131
Mysteries in Peru 132
The Story of Pizza 133
The Indy 500 134
Dr. Antonia Novello, Former Surgeon General 137
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, First U.S. Female Doctor 138
Sojourner Truth, Civil Rights Leader 139
The Angel of Marye's Heights 140
Barbara Jordan, Former U.S. Congresswoman 141
Garrett Morgan, Inventor 142
Mary McLeod Bethune, Educator 143
Will Cross, Adventurer 144
Louis Pasteur, the Milk Man 145
The First Woman in Space 146
I.M. Pei, Architect 147
Delvin Miller, Harness Racing Master 148
Asa Philip Randolph, Civil Rights Leader 149
Jason McElwain, Basketball Star 150
Loreta Velasquez, Civil War Soldier 151
Clara Hale's House 152
Wilma Mankiller, Former Cherokee Chief 153
Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte 154
William Wilberforce, British Abolitionist 155
Bethany Hamilton, Fearless Surfer 156
Mother Jones, Labor Activitist 157
The Wizard of Menlo Park 158
Margaret Bourke-White, Photographer 159
Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope 160
Nelson Mandela, South African Leader 161
Mary Cassatt, Impressionist Artist 162
Dr. Francisco Bravo 163
Hallie Daggett, First Female Lookout 164
Jim Thorpe, Extraordinary Athlete 165
Norman Rockwell, the People's Artist 166

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

ELA.RI.4.8: Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.

Passage Page
Australia 9
Hostage Rescue in Peru 10
Big Blast in Siberia 11
The Discovery of New Zealand 12
Maine, the Blueberry State 13
The Death of the Aral Sea 14
The Year Without a Summer 15
The Faces of Mount Rushmore 16
The Smithsonian Institute 17
The Rocky Mountains 18
Rhode Island, the Smallest State 19
The Amazon Rain Forest 20
The Galapagos Islands 21
The California Gold Rush 22
The Earthquakes of 2010 23
The Cruelest Month in American Mining 24
The Deadly Cloud from Lake Nyos 25
Signs of Global Warming 26
Mount Kilimanjaro 27
Antarctica 28
Bermuda 29
Mount Vernon 30
Key West, Florida 31
Without Warning 32
The Great Yellowstone Fire of 1988 33
The Bahamas 34
Egypt: One Nation, Two Continents 35
Arizona's Natural Wonders 36
"Houston, We've Had a Problem" 37
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry 38
Giant Panda Problems 41
The Great Alaskan Earthquake 42
P-U! It's a Skunk! 43
Insects 44
Fearsome Fossil 45
Surprises in the Sea 46
Robots at Work 47
Wildfires 48
Disrupting Ecosystems 49
Peppered Moths 50
Neat Facts About Your Circulatory System 51
Wind Energy 52
Killer Bees Calming Down 53
Trees Tell About Climates of the Past 54
Snapping Turtles 55
Eyelids 56
Solar Storms 57
Breeding Bunnies 58
Glaciers 59
Geothermal Energy 60
Turning Soda Bottles into Blankets 61
Using Two Legs Instead of Four 62
Exciting News About Stem Cells 63
Animal Instincts 64
Volcanic Eruptions 65
Live a Green Lifestyle 66
Understanding Hemispheres 67
Using Waste to Make Electricity 68
Solar Energy 69
Adapting to Global Warming 70
Where Did Everyone Go? 73
Did George Washington Fight at Gettysburg? 74
Iceboxes: The First Refrigerators 75
The U.S. Civil War 76
The Montgomery Bus Boycott 77
How U.S. Libraries Began 78
The Orphan Trains 79
Braille for the Blind 80
The Invention of the Microwave Oven 81
The World's First Robot and His Dog 82
How Plumbing Changed America 83
Highway History 84
The Buried Village of Ozette 85
World War II Spies 86
Inventions that Use Electricity 87
Skiing 88
The Great Liberty Bell Adventure 89
Massachusetts Promotes Education 90
Decoding Hieroglyphs 91
Canned Foods 92
America's First Master Spy 93
Amazing Ancient Structures 94
The Ice Ages 95
U.S. Anti-Slavery Laws 96
U.S. Presidents from Ohio 97
Flight Disappearances 98
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1753 to 1863 99
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1902 to Now 100
Native American Unsolved Mysteries 101
Washington Irving, Author and Ghost 102
Sea Horses 105
The Popular Product That Almost Wasn't 106
Not So Identical 107
What You Didn't Know About George Washington 108
In-Line Skates 109
Mazes 110
Guide Dogs 111
Frozen Animals Stay Alive 112
Binti Jua and Jambo to the Rescue 113
The U.S. Supreme Court 114
The World's Most Dangerous Animals 115
Rice Feeds the World 116
Bamboo 117
Yawning is Contagious 118
The Story of Jeep 119
World's Largest Ice Sculptures: Icebergs 120
Storms that Caused Discoveries 121
The Sweet Story of Jelly Beans 122
Pelorus Jack 123
The Gulf Stream 124
Snowboarding 125
Dandelions: Weed, Flowers, or Food? 126
The Weight, the Wind, and the Wobbling 127
Heinz 57 Varieties 128
Wacky Waterspouts 129
Unique Languages 130
Naming the States 131
Mysteries in Peru 132
The Story of Pizza 133
The Indy 500 134
Dr. Antonia Novello, Former Surgeon General 137
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, First U.S. Female Doctor 138
Sojourner Truth, Civil Rights Leader 139
The Angel of Marye's Heights 140
Barbara Jordan, Former U.S. Congresswoman 141
Garrett Morgan, Inventor 142
Mary McLeod Bethune, Educator 143
Will Cross, Adventurer 144
Louis Pasteur, the Milk Man 145
The First Woman in Space 146
I.M. Pei, Architect 147
Delvin Miller, Harness Racing Master 148
Asa Philip Randolph, Civil Rights Leader 149
Jason McElwain, Basketball Star 150
Loreta Velasquez, Civil War Soldier 151
Clara Hale's House 152
Wilma Mankiller, Former Cherokee Chief 153
Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte 154
William Wilberforce, British Abolitionist 155
Bethany Hamilton, Fearless Surfer 156
Mother Jones, Labor Activitist 157
The Wizard of Menlo Park 158
Margaret Bourke-White, Photographer 159
Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope 160
Nelson Mandela, South African Leader 161
Mary Cassatt, Impressionist Artist 162
Dr. Francisco Bravo 163
Hallie Daggett, First Female Lookout 164
Jim Thorpe, Extraordinary Athlete 165
Norman Rockwell, the People's Artist 166

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

ELA.RI.4.9: Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

Passage Page
Glaciers 59
Turning Soda Bottles into Blankets 61
Live a Green Lifestyle 66
World War II Spies 86
America's First Master Spy 93
The Ice Ages 95
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1753 to 1863 99
Moving the U.S. Mail, 1902 to Now 100
Sojourner Truth, Civil Rights Leader 139
Mary McLeod Bethune, Educator 143
Asa Philip Randolph, Civil Rights Leader 149
Nelson Mandela, South African Leader 161

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

ELA.RI.4.10: By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 4–5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

Passage Page
Australia 9
Hostage Rescue in Peru 10
Big Blast in Siberia 11
The Discovery of New Zealand 12
Maine, the Blueberry State 13
The Death of the Aral Sea 14
The Year Without a Summer 15
The Faces of Mount Rushmore 16
The Smithsonian Institute 17
The Rocky Mountains 18
Rhode Island, the Smallest State 19
The Amazon Rain Forest 20
The Galapagos Islands 21
The California Gold Rush 22
The Earthquakes of 2010 23
The Cruelest Month in American Mining 24
The Deadly Cloud from Lake Nyos 25
Signs of Global Warming 26
Mount Kilimanjaro 27
Antarctica 28
Bermuda