Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Correlations

Nonfiction Writing for the Common Core Grade 4

Nonfiction Writing for the Common Core Grade 4

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Strand - Reading Standards: Literature, Grade 4

Key Ideas and Details

ELA.RL.4.1: Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

Activity Pages
Respond to Literature 63 to 67
Establish the Situation 117 to 120

Key Ideas and Details

ELA.RL.4.3: Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character's thoughts, words, or actions).

Activity Pages
Establish the Situation 117 to 120
Develop with Dialogue 125 to 127
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137

Key Ideas and Details

ELA.RL.4.2: Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.

Activity Pages
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137

Craft and Structure

ELA.RL.4.6: Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations.

Activity Pages
Establish the Situation 117 to 120

Craft and Structure

ELA.RL.4.4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g., Herculean).

Activity Pages
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

ELA.RL.4.7: Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text.

Activity Pages
Respond to Literature 63 to 67
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

ELA.RL.4.9: Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures.

Activity Pages
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137

Strand - Reading Standards: Informational Text, Grade 4

Key Ideas and Details

ELA.RI.4.1: Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

Activity Pages
What Is Argumentative Writing? 29 to 32
Evidence to Support the Argument 41 to 45
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Who Will You Inform? 76 to 79
Respond to Reading: Informational Text 96 to 100

Key Ideas and Details

ELA.RI.4.2: Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.

Activity Pages
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Who Will You Inform? 76 to 79
Concluding Statements 92 to 95

Key Ideas and Details

ELA.RI.4.3: Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.

Activity Pages
Respond to Reading: Informational Text 96 to 100
Sequence Events 128 to 130

Craft and Structure

ELA.RI.4.5: Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.

Activity Pages
What Is Argumentative Writing? 29 to 32
What Is Informative Writing? 69 to 71
Sequence Events 128 to 130

Craft and Structure

ELA.RI.4.4: Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.

Activity Pages
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Concluding Statements 92 to 95
Respond to Reading: Informational Text 96 to 100
Sequence Events 128 to 130

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

ELA.RI.4.8: Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.

Activity Pages
What Is Argumentative Writing? 29 to 32
Evidence to Support the Argument 41 to 45
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
What Is Informative Writing? 69 to 71
Who Will You Inform? 76 to 79
Respond to Reading: Informational Text 96 to 100

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

ELA.RI.4.9: Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

Activity Pages
Evidence to Support the Argument 41 to 45
Respond to Reading: Informational Text 96 to 100

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

ELA.RI.4.7: Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.

Activity Pages
What Is Informative Writing? 69 to 71
Writing Details 89 to 91

Strand - Writing Standards, Grade 4

Text Types and Purposes

ELA.W.4.1: Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.

Activity Pages
Introduce the Topic 33 to 36
State an Opinion 37 to 40
Evidence to Support the Argument 41 to 45
Smooth Transitions 46 to 49
Concluding Statements 50 to 52
My Opinion 53 to 56
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Respond to Literature 63 to 67

Text Types and Purposes

ELA.W.4.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

Activity Pages
What Is Informative Writing? 69 to 71
What Is Explanatory Writing? 72 to 75
Who Will You Inform? 76 to 79
Introduce a Topic 80 to 84
Writing Details 89 to 91
Concluding Statements 92 to 95
Respond to Reading: Informational Text 96 to 100
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109

Text Types and Purposes

ELA.W.4.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.

Activity Pages
What Is Narrative Writing? 111 to 113
Remembering Experiences 114 to 116
Establish the Situation 117 to 120
Vivid Descriptions 121 to 124
Develop with Dialogue 125 to 127
Sequence Events 128 to 130
A Great Conclusion 131 to 132
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137
Personal Experience Narrative 138 to 140

Production and Distribution of Writing

ELA.W.4.4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1–3 above.)

Activity Pages
Sample Lesson: The Language of Writing 18 to 21
What Is Argumentative Writing? 29 to 32
State an Opinion 37 to 40
Smooth Transitions 46 to 49
My Opinion 53 to 56
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Respond to Literature 63 to 67
What Is Informative Writing? 69 to 71
What Is Explanatory Writing? 72 to 75
Who Will You Inform? 76 to 79
Introduce a Topic 80 to 84
Concluding Statements 92 to 95
Respond to Reading: Informational Text 96 to 100
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109
Remembering Experiences 114 to 116
Establish the Situation 117 to 120
Vivid Descriptions 121 to 124
Sequence Events 128 to 130
A Great Conclusion 131 to 132
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137

Production and Distribution of Writing

ELA.W.4.5: With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1-3 up to and including grade 4)

Activity Pages
Sample Lesson: The Language of Writing 18 to 21
State an Opinion 37 to 40
Evidence to Support the Argument 41 to 45
Smooth Transitions 46 to 49
My Opinion 53 to 56
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Respond to Literature 63 to 67
Who Will You Inform? 76 to 79
Writing Details 89 to 91
Concluding Statements 92 to 95
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Remembering Experiences 114 to 116
A Great Conclusion 131 to 132
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137
Personal Experience Narrative 138 to 140

Production and Distribution of Writing

ELA.W.4.6: With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of one page in a single sitting.

Activity Pages
Evidence to Support the Argument 41 to 45
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
What Is Informative Writing? 69 to 71
Writing Details 89 to 91
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137
Personal Experience Narrative 138 to 140

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

ELA.W.4.7: Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

Activity Pages
State an Opinion 37 to 40
Evidence to Support the Argument 41 to 45
What Is Informative Writing? 69 to 71
Introduce a Topic 80 to 84
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109
Sequence Events 128 to 130

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

ELA.W.4.8: Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.

Activity Pages
Evidence to Support the Argument 41 to 45
My Opinion 53 to 56
What Is Explanatory Writing? 72 to 75
Respond to Reading: Informational Text 96 to 100
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109
Remembering Experiences 114 to 116

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

ELA.W.4.9: Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

Activity Pages
Evidence to Support the Argument 41 to 45
Respond to Reading: Informational Text 96 to 100
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137

Range of Writing

ELA.W.4.10: Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

Activity Pages
Personal Experience Narrative 138 to 140

Strand - Speaking and Listening Standards, Grade 4

Comprehension and Collaboration

ELA.SL.4.1: Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.

Activity Pages
Sample Lesson: The Language of Writing 18 to 21
What Is Argumentative Writing? 29 to 32
Introduce the Topic 33 to 36
State an Opinion 37 to 40
Smooth Transitions 46 to 49
Concluding Statements 50 to 52
My Opinion 53 to 56
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
What Is Informative Writing? 69 to 71
What Is Explanatory Writing? 72 to 75
Who Will You Inform? 76 to 79
Introduce a Topic 80 to 84
Writing Details 89 to 91
Concluding Statements 92 to 95
Respond to Reading: Informational Text 96 to 100
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109
What Is Narrative Writing? 111 to 113
Establish the Situation 117 to 120
Sequence Events 128 to 130
A Great Conclusion 131 to 132

Comprehension and Collaboration

ELA.SL.4.3: Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.

Activity Pages
Smooth Transitions 46 to 49
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Who Will You Inform? 76 to 79
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137

Comprehension and Collaboration

ELA.SL.4.2: Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

Activity Pages
Respond to Literature 63 to 67
What Is Explanatory Writing? 72 to 75
Who Will You Inform? 76 to 79
Introduce a Topic 80 to 84
Develop with Dialogue 125 to 127
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

ELA.SL.4.6: Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion); use formal English when appropriate to task and situation.

Activity Pages
Concluding Statements 50 to 52
What Is Explanatory Writing? 72 to 75
Writing Details 89 to 91
Establish the Situation 117 to 120
Vivid Descriptions 121 to 124

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

ELA.SL.4.5: Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.

Activity Pages
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Vivid Descriptions 121 to 124
Personal Experience Narrative 138 to 140

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

ELA.SL.4.4: Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.

Activity Pages
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109
What Is Narrative Writing? 111 to 113
Vivid Descriptions 121 to 124
Sequence Events 128 to 130
Personal Experience Narrative 138 to 140

Strand - Language Standards, Grade 4

Conventions of Standard English

ELA.L.4.1: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

Activity Pages
What Is Argumentative Writing? 29 to 32
Smooth Transitions 46 to 49
Concluding Statements 50 to 52
My Opinion 53 to 56
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Respond to Literature 63 to 67
Writing Details 89 to 91
Concluding Statements 92 to 95
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109
Vivid Descriptions 121 to 124
Sequence Events 128 to 130
A Great Conclusion 131 to 132
Personal Experience Narrative 138 to 140

Conventions of Standard English

ELA.L.4.2: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

Activity Pages
Smooth Transitions 46 to 49
Concluding Statements 50 to 52
My Opinion 53 to 56
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Respond to Literature 63 to 67
Writing Details 89 to 91
Concluding Statements 92 to 95
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109
Develop with Dialogue 125 to 127
Sequence Events 128 to 130
A Great Conclusion 131 to 132
Personal Experience Narrative 138 to 140

Knowledge of Language

ELA.L.4.3: Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

Activity Pages
State an Opinion 37 to 40
Evidence to Support the Argument 41 to 45
Smooth Transitions 46 to 49
Concluding Statements 50 to 52
My Opinion 53 to 56
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Respond to Literature 63 to 67
Writing Details 89 to 91
Concluding Statements 92 to 95
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109
Develop with Dialogue 125 to 127
Sequence Events 128 to 130
A Great Conclusion 131 to 132
Personal Experience Narrative 138 to 140

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

ELA.L.4.6: Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g., quizzed, whined, stammered) and that are basic to a particular topic (e.g., wildlife, conservation, and endangered when discussing animal preservation).

Activity Pages
Sample Lesson: The Language of Writing 18 to 21
My Opinion 53 to 56
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Respond to Literature 63 to 67
Who Will You Inform? 76 to 79
Introduce a Topic 80 to 84
Concluding Statements 92 to 95
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109
Establish the Situation 117 to 120
Vivid Descriptions 121 to 124
Develop with Dialogue 125 to 127
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137
Personal Experience Narrative 138 to 140

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

ELA.L.4.5: Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

Activity Pages
Sample Lesson: The Language of Writing 18 to 21
Smooth Transitions 46 to 49
My Opinion 53 to 56
Respond to Literature 63 to 67
Introduce a Topic 80 to 84
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109
Vivid Descriptions 121 to 124
Personal Experience Narrative 138 to 140

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

ELA.L.4.4: Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

Activity Pages
Sample Lesson: The Language of Writing 18 to 21
Respond to Informational Text 57 to 62
Respond to Literature 63 to 67
What Is Informative Writing? 69 to 71
Who Will You Inform? 76 to 79
Writing Details 89 to 91
Respond to Reading: Informational Text 96 to 100
Write an Informative Essay 101 to 104
Write an Explanatory Report 105 to 109
What Is Narrative Writing? 111 to 113
Respond to Reading: Literature 133 to 137

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